How Would You Describe Aristotle?

What are 3 facts about Aristotle?

Interesting Aristotle Facts: 1-5Aristotle was born somewhere around 384 BCE.

His father was Nicomachus.

Nicomachus died when Aristotle was a young boy.

After the death of Nicomachus, Proxenus – husband of Aristotle’s sister Arimneste, became the guardian of young Aristotle.More items….

What can Aristotle teach us?

7 Must Read Life Lessons By Aristotle“Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.” … “It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.” … “Patience is bitter, but its fruit is sweet.” … “Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.” … “It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light.”More items…•

Why is Aristotle so important?

Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. He was a student of Plato for twenty years but is famous for rejecting Plato’s theory of forms.

What is the golden mean and why is it important for Aristotle’s Ethics?

The Golden Mean is a sliding scale for determining what is virtuous. Aristotle believed that being morally good meant striking a balance between two vices. … Aristotle believed that the good life lived from exercising capacity to reason. Practicing virtue is a practice of intellectual reason.

What are the main points of Aristotle’s ethics?

In order for one to be virtuous they must display prudence, temperance, courage, and justice; moreover, they have to display all four of them and not just one or two to be virtuous.

What is the most important virtue?

CourageCourage is the most important of the virtues, because without it, no other virtue can be practiced consistently, said Maya Angelou to members of this year’s graduating class. “You can be kind and true and fair and generous and just, and even merciful, occasionally,” Angelou said.

How does Aristotle define good character?

Aristotle’s definition of good moral character By calling excellence of character a state, Aristotle means that it is neither a feeling nor a capacity nor a mere tendency to behave in specific ways. Rather it is the settled condition we are in when we are well off in relation to feelings and actions.

What is the highest good according to Aristotle?

eudaimoniaFor Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

What are Aristotle’s 11 virtues?

What are Aristotle’s virtues?Courage: The midpoint between cowardice and recklessness. … Temperance: The virtue between overindulgence and insensitivity. … Liberality: The virtue of charity, this is the golden mean between miserliness and giving more than you can afford.Magnificence: The virtue of living extravagantly.More items…•

What is Aristotle’s moral theory?

Aristotle. The moral theory of Aristotle, like that of Plato, focuses on virtue, recommending the virtuous way of life by its relation to happiness. … Aristotle opens the first book of the Nicomachean Ethics by positing some one supreme good as the aim of human actions, investigations, and crafts (1094a).

What are vices according to Aristotle?

Aristotle famously conceives of virtue as a mean between an excess and a lack of the virtuous quality in question (locating fortitude, for instance, between rashness and cowardice); in medieval philosophy, both sorts of moral defects are usually called vices (vitia).

What is Aristotle’s definition of character?

philosopher Aristotle, in Nicomachean Ethics, understands character (êthos; or hexis êthikê, “moral disposition”) to be a disposition of the appetitive and emotional faculties, which leads its possessor to act and feel in particular ways.

How does Aristotle describe virtue?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.

What are Aristotle’s virtues of character?

Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, courage, temperance and so on) as complex rational, emotional and social skills.

What are the two kinds of virtues according to Aristotle?

Summary. There are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral. We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice. We are all born with the potential to be morally virtuous, but it is only by behaving in the right way that we train ourselves to be virtuous.

What did Aristotle believe in?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What is the mean according to Aristotle?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.

What do you know about Aristotle?

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.

What does Aristotle say about the good life?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What is Golden Mean according to Aristotle?

In ethics: Aristotle. …to be known as the Golden Mean; it is essentially the same as the Buddha’s middle path between self-indulgence and self-renunciation. Thus, courage, for example, is the mean between two extremes: one can have a deficiency of it, which is cowardice, or one can have an excess of it, which…