What was Iran like before the revolution?
In the decades before the Islamic revolution of 1979, Iran was ruled by the Shah, whose dictatorship repressed dissent and restricted political freedoms.
But he also he pushed the country to adopt Western-oriented secular modernization, allowing some degree of cultural freedom..
Who was the leader of Iran before the shah?
Mohammad Reza PahlaviPredecessorReza ShahSuccessorMonarchy abolished Ruhollah Khomeini as Supreme LeaderPrime MinistersSee list[show]Born26 October 1919 Tehran, Iran26 more rows
Did the US support the Shah of Iran?
Following the coup, the United States helped re-install the Shah. In the first three weeks, the U.S. government gave Iran $68 million in emergency aid, and an additional $1.2 billion over the next decade. In this era that ensued, until the fall of the shah in 1979, Iran was one of the United States’ closest allies.
Was the Shah of Iran a dictator?
The reign of Reza Shah was authoritarian and dictatorial at a time when authoritarian governments and dictatorships were common in the region and the world and Universal Declaration of Human Rights was some years in the future.
What was Iran called before 1979?
In the Western world, Persia (or one of its cognates) was historically the common name for Iran. On the Nowruz of 1935, Reza Shah asked foreign delegates to use the Persian term Iran (meaning the land of Aryans in Persian), the endonym of the country, in formal correspondence.
Why did Persia become Iran?
Iran was always known as ‘Persia’ to foreign governments and was once heavily influenced by Great Britain and Russia. In 1935, however, the Iranian government requested that all countries with which it had diplomatic relations call the country by its Persian name, Iran.